Make your own free website on Tripod.com

CONSPECTUS OF WINDOWS ARABIC

28 April 2001

Codepage 1256, deficient though it is, must be accounted the effective standard. The following table basically follows it, except that Persian letters are inserted where the Persians insert them, and the plain vowels come before the nunnated ones.

Pairs of code or glyph numbers like 0100/0101 or C5/E5 give UPPER-CASE/lower-case variants. Digraph transliterations are indicated between slashes, as /sh/. All numbers are hexadecimal.

Letter               1256     Un         EC   Transliteration(s)        Coding of (Parenthesized Glyph)
=========================================================================================                               
hamza                  C1    0621        c    (smooth breathing)        (Un 2019; ANSI 92; DS 84 or 92)
'alif + ma!dda         C2    0622        !@   *            
'alif + hamza (above)  C3    0623        !'   *            
wa!w + hamza           C4    0624        w'   *            
'alif + hamza (below)  C5    0625        !"   *            
ya!c + hamza           C6    0626        e'   *            
('alif + waSla)        --    0671        !~   nil ; apostrophe *            
'alif                  C7    0627        !    smooth breathing ;
                                              (a + macron) ;            (Un 0100/0101; DS C5/E5)
                                              nil *
ba!'                   C8    0628        b    b            
pih [P]                81    1662        p    p            
ta!' marbuwTa+         C9    0629        +    t ; h ; nil *            
ta!'                   CA    062A        t    t            
tha!'                  CB    062B        %    /th/ ; (t + underscore)   (Un 1E6E/1E6F)        
jiym                   CC    062C        j    j; /dj/ (EI) ; /dsch/ *            
chiym [P]              8D    1670        C    /ch/ ; (c + hachek)       (Un 010C/010D)        
Ha!c                   CD    062D        H    (h + underdot)            (Un 1E24/1E25; DS DD/81 )
kha!c                  CE    062E        x    /kh/ ; (k + underscore)   (Un 1E34/1E35)        
da!l                   CF    062F        d    d            
dha!l                  D0    0630        ]    /dh/ ; (d + underscore)   (Un 1E0E/1E0F)        
ra!c                   D1    0631        r    r            
za!y (za!yn) *         D2    0632        z    z            
zhih [P]               8E    1688        J    /zh/ ; (z + hachek)       (Un 017D/017E)        
siyn                   D3    0633        s    s            
shiyn                  D4    0634        $    /sh/ ; (s + hachek)       (Un 0160/0161; ANSI 8A/9A)    
Sa!d                   D5    0635        S    (s + underdot)            (Un 1E62/1E63; DS 9F/FF)
Da!d                   D6    0636        D    (d + underdot)            (Un 1E0C/1E0D; DS D1/F1)
Ta!c                   D8    0637        T    (t + underdot)            (Un 1E6C/1E6D; DS DE/83)
Za!c                   D9    0638        Z    (z + underdot) *          (Un 1E92/1E93; DS C6/E6)
&ayn                   DA    0639        &    rough breathing *         (Un 2018; ANSI 91; DS 8D or 91)
ghayn                  DB    063A        g    /gh/ ; (g + overscore); * (Un 1E20/1E21)        
fa!c                   DD    0641        f    f            
(fa!c + 3 dots "veh"?) --    06A4        v    *            
qa!f                   DE    0642        q    q ; (k + underdot) [EI] * (Un 1E32/1E33)       
ka!f                   DF    0643        k    k            
ga!f [P]               90    06AF        G    g            
ka!f [Persian style]   98    06A9        K    k            
la!m                   E1    0644        l    l            
miym                   E3    0645        m    m            
nuwn                   E4    0646        n    n            
ha!c                   E5    0647        h    h            
(ha!c + hamza [P])     --    06C0        h'   /-ye-/ *            
wa!w                   E6    0648        w    w; (u + macron) ; u *     (Un 016A/016B; DS D8/F8)
'alif maqSuwra+        EC    0649        e    a + macron; a + grave *            
ya!c                   ED    064A        y    y; i + macron ; i *       (Un 012A/012B; DS AA/82)
kashiydah/taTwiyl      DC    0640        _    nil *            
                                
fatHa                  F3    064E        a    a            
Damma                  F5    064F        u    u; o[P]            
kasra                  F6    0650        i    i; e[P]            
"dagger 'alif"         --    0670        ^    a + macron *            
fatHatayn              F0    064B        A    /an/ *            
Dammatayn              F1    064C        U    /un/ *            
kasratayn              F2    064D        I    /in/ *            
                                
shadda                 F8    0651        :    repeat previous letter            
sukuwn                 FA    0652        #    nil            
                                
===

[EI] "Encyclopaedia of Islam"

[P]   Persian peculiarism

*     learned footnotes should be provided in at least these locations.

Pertinent Unicode Page Names (references to _The Unicode Standard 3.0_)
  <<  http://www.unicode.org/charts/>>
===========
0100-017F     "Latin Extended-A" (p. 346)
0180-024F     "Latin Extended-B" (p. 352)
06xx          "Arabic" (p. 389.)
1Exx          "Latin Extended Additional" (p. 481f.)